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Plantings

A Cultural History of Gardens in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2013

Book chapter

...It has often been observed that medieval gardens were planted to serve practical needs. Janet Ferrier’s comments are representative: “Gardens in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries were prized more for their utilitarian value than...

Azarbaydjan

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Azarbaydjan comprises the northwestern corner of the Iranian Plateau, from the Qizil Uzan and the Tarum Highlands in the south to the Aras (Arakes) in the north. Arran , i.e. the territory further to the north, between the Aras and the Kur...

From Crisis to Continued Decline: Mesopotamia between Two Plague Pandemics

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...In spite of demographic losses and environmental instability Mesopotamia remained the Empire's chief resource base. In the two centuries after the crisis of the 7th century, tax assessments of agriculture stabilized at a level of about 100...

Health, Disease, and the Medieval Body

Ann G. Carmichael

Ann G. Carmichael is an historical epidemiologist originally trained in medicine and now emerita at Indiana University. She specializes in the history of plague and other infectious diseases, particularly in late medieval and Renaissance Italy. She is currently completing a study of mortality and public health in Sforza-era Milan (1450–1535). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Book chapter

...Diet and environment shape the physical health and disease risks of human populations. Because people in the Middle Ages accepted different notions and concepts of health and disease than we hold today, it can be confusing to build...

Introduction: Universal history, the Middle East, and the Environmental Perspective

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...According to the Western view of world history the Middle East, in contrast to Europe, has suffered a prolonged decline. Long ago it had flourished economically and culturally, to be sure, and had made an important contribution...

Work and Mobility

A Cultural History of Work in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...In a number of respects worker immobility was once seen as a defining element of the medieval period. Historians formerly looked back on the “Middle Ages” as a time largely wedged between the barbarian invasions that despoiled classical...

Work, Skill, and Technology

Valerie L. Garver

Valerie L. Garver is Associate Professor of History at Northern Illinois University, USA. A specialist in Carolingian social and cultural history, she has published on women, childhood, family, and material culture (especially textiles). She is the author of Women and Aristocratic Culture in the Carolingian World (2009). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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A Cultural History of Work in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...Modern popular culture often takes the view that the Middle Ages were a backward era; yet the period from 800 to 1450 saw many major technological advances, the development of new forms of skilled labor, and increasing expertise...

Conclusion

Susan Rose

Susan Rose was Senior Research Fellow at Roehampton University, UK, and is now retired. She is the author of The Medieval Sea and Medieval Naval Warfare, 1000–1500. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Wine Trade in Medieval Europe 1000–1500

Continuum, 2011

Book chapter

...In Greek and Roman times it can be argued that all high-volume trades were concerned solely with basic commodities, the very necessities of life; grain, olive oil, and in Mediterranean society, wine can plausibly be placed...

Food Systems

A Cultural History of Food in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book chapter

...An Autarkic Early Middle Ages? The early Middle Ages have been described as a period that was dominated by the autarkic responses of a primarily rural peasant...

Vines and Vineyards

Susan Rose

Susan Rose was Senior Research Fellow at Roehampton University, UK, and is now retired. She is the author of The Medieval Sea and Medieval Naval Warfare, 1000–1500. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Wine Trade in Medieval Europe 1000–1500

Continuum, 2011

Book chapter

...The works of Roman writers on viticulture, especially that by Columella, make it abundantly clear that Romans regarded the making of wine as a commercial enterprise, able to produce a good return on the considerable amount of capital...