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Environment and Early Settlement

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...On the eastern fringe of the Iranian Plateau, far from the imperial centers in Mesopotamia, lies the land of Sistan. In terms of geomorphology it consists of an inland drainage basin, closely resembling the arid kavirs farther west. Yet...
Image
...A coloured map of the world, drawn on vellum on a plane scale, to illustrate the description of Pius II...

The Middle East, Iranshahr, and the Persian Empires

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...As a historical term, the Middle East is less than satisfactory. It is rich in connotations, but lacking in precision. In modern usage it refers broadly to the arid lands east and south of the Mediterranean. While that region today may...

Food Security

A Cultural History of Food in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book chapter

...Hunger: A Disquieting Presence Libera nos Domine a fame, a bello, a peste. Famines, wars, epidemics: in this Latin invocation, these are the three scourges of the apocalypse that strike...

The Crisis of the Seventh Century: Environmental and Demographic Disaster

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Shortly after the completing of the great Nahrawan system, Mesopotamia was ravaged by a series of disasters: civil wars, invasions, floods, and epidemics. The combined effect was devastating and by late Sassanian times the southern part...

The Maya Civilization, 600–1500 CE

Heather McKillop

Heather McKillop is Thomas and Lillian Landrum Alumni Professor at Louisiana State University in the United States. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Dr Erik Hermans

Dr Erik Hermans

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Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the Global Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Publishing, 2019

Encyclopedia entry

...Theme Description The ancient Maya civilization reached its florescence during the Classic period (300–800 CE) in the rainforest of Belize, Guatemala, the Yucatán of Mexico, western Honduras, and western El Salvador. There was a collapse...
Image
...Map of West African coast (noted as "Ginea Portogalexe", or Portuguese Guinea) by an anonymous cartographer (often attributed to Christoforo Soligo). Part of a Portolano, containing thirty-five charts, on a plane scale, each 1 f. 9in. X l...

Environment and Irrigation Technologies

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...On the Iranian Plateau, i.e. the high country extending from the Zagros to the Hindu Kush, the environment sets conditions completely different from those in Mesopotamia and Khuzistan. These conditions, however, are difficult to describe...

The Twin Rivers.

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Any idea of what the floodplain looked like in the past must be based on projections from the present. But existing conditions are the product of millennia of human activity. Even the number and location of the river channels have changed...

The Black Death and the Future of the Plague

Michelle Ziegler

Michelle Ziegler is a biologist with interests in the history of infectious disease and in science communication. She is particularly interested in the ways that science and history can inform each other, toward a greater understanding of plague. Her blog Contagions < http://contagions.wordpress.com > focuses on the intersection of science and history, and is intended to be a bridge between them, explaining scientific studies for people without a science background and exploring the historical contexts of infectious diseases under investigation today. She received an MS in Biological Science from Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville and an MS in Biosecurity and Disaster Preparedness from Saint Louis University. She is currently on the staff of the DNA Diagnostics Laboratory in the Department of Pathology at Saint Louis University. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Medieval Globe : Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death

Arc Medieval Press, 2014

Book chapter

...This essay summarizes what we know about the spread of Yersinia pestis today, assesses the potential risks of tomorrow, and suggests avenues for future collaboration among scientists and humanists. Plague is both a re-emerging infectious...