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Recapitulation and Comparison: Contrasting Highlands with Floodplain

The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Like Mesopotamia, the Plateau clearly saw a considerable expansion of settlement and irrigation in Parthian and Sassanian times. Moreover, again like Mesopotamia, state-directed colonization appears to have been a key part in the process...

Medicine and the Senses: Feeling the Pulse, Smelling the Plague, and Listening for the Cure

A Cultural History of the Senses in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

Book chapter

...A sign of change in the quality of the body happens in four ways: either by sight as in jaundice, morphew, a blackened tongue and the like; or by smell, such as fetid breath or sweat [that smells like] a lobster or a he-goat or the like...

The Valley of Disease

Dante : The Poet, the Thinker, the Man

I.B.Tauris, 2006

Book chapter

...Gazing at the vast number of souls with their horrifying wounds, Dante feels so overwhelmed that he is about to weep. Virgil asks him ironically if he is trying to count the souls. If so, he must realize that the ditch is 22 miles round...

Health and Hygiene: Hair in the Medical Traditions

A Cultural History of Hair in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...In medieval Latin Europe, hair was a common object of interest for both health practitioners and the lay public alike. From a theoretical and an empirical point of view, hair was connected to health and disease, and practices involving its...

Veterinary Medicine in Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...The Human­Animal Relationship is an essential aspect of understanding the past and present of all societies.On this topic in Ottoman Egypt, see Alan Mikhail, The Animal in Ottoman Egypt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), from which...

The Crisis of the Seventh Century: Environmental and Demographic Disaster

The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Shortly after the completing of the great Nahrawan system, Mesopotamia was ravaged by a series of disasters: civil wars, invasions, floods, and epidemics. The combined effect was devastating and by late Sassanian times the southern part...

Smallpox in the Harem: Communicable Diseases and the Ottoman Fear of Dynastic Extinction During the Early Sultanate of Ahmed I (R. 1603–17)

Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...I am most grateful to our editor Nükhet Varlık for her much valuable comments on earlier drafts, and to Maurizio Alfioldi for providing the transcriptions of the Venetian ambassadorial dispatches utilized in this study. The following...

Health, Disease, and the Medieval Body

A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Book chapter

...Diet and environment shape the physical health and disease risks of human populations. Because people in the Middle Ages accepted different notions and concepts of health and disease than we hold today, it can be confusing to build...

Plague in Eighteenth-Century Cairo: in Search of Burial and Memorial Sites

Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...Unmarked site, epidemics and mass Burial: fieldwork of the dead“Utopias are sites with no real place.”— Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault, “Of Other Spaces,” Diacritics 16, no. 1 (1986): 22–27, quote on 24.Michel Foucault, “Of Other Spaces...

Heterogeneous Immunological Landscapes and Medieval Plague: An Invitation to a New Dialogue Between Historians and Immunologists

The Medieval Globe : Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death

Arc Medieval Press, 2014

Book chapter

...Efforts to understand the differential mortality caused by plague must account for many factors, including human immune responses. In this essay we are particularly interested in those people who were exposed to the Yersinia pestis pathogen...