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Recapitulation and Comparison: Contrasting Highlands with Floodplain

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

eBooks

...Like Mesopotamia, the Plateau clearly saw a considerable expansion of settlement and irrigation in Parthian and Sassanian times. Moreover, again like Mesopotamia, state-directed colonization appears to have been a key part in the process...

Medicine and the Senses: Feeling the Pulse, Smelling the Plague, and Listening for the Cure

A Cultural History of the Senses in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2014

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...A sign of change in the quality of the body happens in four ways: either by sight as in jaundice, morphew, a blackened tongue and the like; or by smell, such as fetid breath or sweat [that smells like] a lobster or a he-goat or the like...

The Valley of Disease

Barbara Reynolds

Barbara Reynolds is one of the world's best known Dante scholars. She completed the Penguin translation of Paradiso after the death of Dorothy L Sayers. She also translated Dante's early work La Vita Nuova and Ariosto's Orlando Furioso. In addition, she has written a biography of Dorothy L Sayers and edited The Cambridge Itallan Dictionary. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Dante : The Poet, the Thinker, the Man

I.B.Tauris, 2006

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...Gazing at the vast number of souls with their horrifying wounds, Dante feels so overwhelmed that he is about to weep. Virgil asks him ironically if he is trying to count the souls. If so, he must realize that the ditch is 22 miles round...

Health and Hygiene: Hair in the Medical Traditions

A Cultural History of Hair in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

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...In medieval Latin Europe, hair was a common object of interest for both health practitioners and the lay public alike. From a theoretical and an empirical point of view, hair was connected to health and disease, and practices involving its...

Heterogeneous Immunological Landscapes and Medieval Plague: An Invitation to a New Dialogue Between Historians and Immunologists

Fabian Crespo

Fabian Crespo is a biological anthropologist specializing in human evolutionary immunology. In 2001, he moved from the University of Buenos Aires to the Department of Anthropology at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, where he began to develop the working hypothesis that different pathogenic experiences in the past have shaped the immune systems in different human populations. Since 2010, two experiences have greatly influenced this research: his participation in the Global History of Health Project at the Ohio State University, and the NEH Summer Seminar, “Health and Disease in the Middle Ages,” directed by Dr. Monica Green and Dr. Rachel Scott, in 2012. He is currently working on the Black Death’s impact on the immune systems of human populations and testing the potential role of cross immunity in the decline of medieval leprosy in Europe. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Matthem B. Lawrenz

Matthew B. Lawrenz is a microbiologist at the Center for Predictive Medicine for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, at the University of Louisville’s School of Medicine. He is interested in understanding how bacterial pathogens are able to infect and cause disease in humans, and since 2003 he has been studying the interactions between Yersinia pestis (the bacterium that causes human plague) and mammalian hosts. Specifically, Dr. Lawrenz’s laboratory works to identify the factors that allow Y pestis to cause disease and to understand how the bacillus is able to avoid detection and elimination by the innate immune system (i.e., by macrophages). Dr. Lawrenz’s long-term goal is to use the information from these studies to aid in the design of new vaccines and therapeutic treatments to combat bacterial infection. Prior to his work with Y pestis, Dr. Lawrenz studied Lyme Disease, an emerging bacterial infection that is transmitted by ticks, and helped develop the serological test used to diagnosis this infection. In 2012, Dr. Lawrenz began collaborating with Dr. Crespo to understand the potential impact of the Black Death on the evolution of the immune system in human populations. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Medieval Globe : Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death

Arc Medieval Press, 2014

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...Efforts to understand the differential mortality caused by plague must account for many factors, including human immune responses. In this essay we are particularly interested in those people who were exposed to the Yersinia pestis pathogen...

Heavenly Healing or Failure of Faith?

Church and Belief in the Middle Ages : Popes, Saints, and Crusaders

Amsterdam University Press, 2016

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...This essay has been funded by the University of Bremen and the European Commission 7th framework programme.For the past decades, canonization processes and miracle collections have provided a treasure trove for the historians of everyday...

Veterinary Medicine in Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Alan Mikhail

Alan mikhail is Professor of History at Yale University. He is the author of Under Osman’s Tree: The Ottoman Empire, Egypt and Environmental History, The Animal in Ottoman Egypt, and Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History; and the editor of Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

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...The Human­Animal Relationship is an essential aspect of understanding the past and present of all societies.On this topic in Ottoman Egypt, see Alan Mikhail, The Animal in Ottoman Egypt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), from which...

The Crisis of the Seventh Century: Environmental and Demographic Disaster

Pete Christensen

Peter Christensen is Lecturer at the Institute of History, University of Copenhagen and at the Danish Institute for Study Abroad, Copenhagen. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Steve Sampson

Steve Sampson

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The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

eBooks

...Shortly after the completing of the great Nahrawan system, Mesopotamia was ravaged by a series of disasters: civil wars, invasions, floods, and epidemics. The combined effect was devastating and by late Sassanian times the southern part...

Religion and Ottoman Society’s Responses to Epidemics in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Yaron Ayalon

Yaron Ayalon is Assistant Professor of History at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He is a historian of the Ottoman Empire and the early modern Middle East in general. He is the author of Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire: Plague, Famine, and Other Misfortunes (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and several other articles, and has served as an editor for The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

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...AT DAWN ON August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina made landfall in New Orleans. Despite initial reports that the storm would cause little damage,“A blast of rain but little damage as hurricane hits South Florida” and “Hurricane drenches Florida...

Nowhere To Run To, Nowhere To Hide? Society, State, and Epidemic Diseases in the Early Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Balkans

Andrew Robarts

Andrew Robarts is Assistant Professor of History at the Rhode Island School of Design where he teaches courses on Middle Eastern, Ottoman, and Russian History. He is the author of Migration and Disease in the Black Sea Region: Ottoman-Russian Relations in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries (Bloomsbury Academic Press), Black Sea Regionalism: A Case Study (Oxford University Press), and “Reconstruction, Resettlement, and Economic Revitalization in pre­Tanzimat Ottoman Bulgaria,” in Wealth in the Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Balkans: A Socio-Economic History, ed. Evguenia Davidova (I. B. Tauris). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

eBooks

...IN THE EARLY part of the eighteenth century, a Hungarian military commander in the service of the Ottoman army recounted in his memoirs the following story he heard while over­nighting in the Ottoman town of Karasu (Cherna Voda...