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  • Eighteenth Century CE
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New Science and Old Sources: Why the Ottoman Experience of Plague Matters

Nükhet Varlik

Nükhet Varlık is Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University–Newark. She is a historian of the Ottoman Empire interested in disease, medicine, and public health. Her first book, Plague and Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean World: The Ottoman Experience, 1347–1600 (Cambridge University Press, 2015), is the first systematic scholarly study of the Ottoman experience of plague during the Black Death pandemic and the centuries that followed. It received the Middle East Studies Association’s Albert Hourani Book Award and the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association’s M. Fuat Köprülü Book Prize. Dr. Varlık has authored several articles and book chapters addressing different aspects of plague epidemics in Ottoman society. She is currently working on a new book, titled The Ottoman Healing Arts: Healers, Patients, and the State in the Early Modern Era, which explores the transformations of Ottoman healing traditions in the early modern era. In conjunction with this research, she is also translating and editing a number of sources pertaining to the history of Ottoman medicine. She holds a PhD from the University of Chicago. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Medieval Globe : Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death

Arc Medieval Press, 2014

Book chapter

...Reconstructing the Ottoman plague experience is vital to understanding the larger Afro-Eurasian disease zone during the Second Pandemic. This essay deals with two different aspects of this experience. On the one hand, it discusses...

Plague in Eighteenth-Century Cairo: in Search of Burial and Memorial Sites

ednA Bonhomme

Edna Bonhomme is a history of science doctoral candidate at Princeton University who focuses on the history of epidemics and funeral rites in North Africa and the Middle East. She graduated from Reed College with a BA in Biology and from Columbia University with an MPH in Sociomedical Sciences. Before beginning her graduate work at Princeton, she worked as a research assistant in an immunology/genetics laboratory, coordinated with human rights groups in Haiti, and conducted public health research in New York City. Her dissertation examines plague, urbanization, and funeral rites in eighteenth­century Cairo and Tunis. Taking pre­colonial medical outbreaks as its point of departure, this project also sheds light on black slaves, public health, and quarantine measures. Additionally, this work entails conducting fieldwork in Cairene and Tunisian cemeteries for the purposes of understanding the relationship between eighteenth­century tombstones and twenty­first century cemeteries. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...Unmarked site, epidemics and mass Burial: fieldwork of the dead“Utopias are sites with no real place.”— Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault, “Of Other Spaces,” Diacritics 16, no. 1 (1986): 22–27, quote on 24.Michel Foucault, “Of Other Spaces...

Books on a Stick

Erik Kwakkel

Erik Kwakkel is book historian and professor at the School of Library, Archival and Information Studies at The University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Books Before Print

Arc Humanities Press, 2018

Book chapter

...Hornbook with printed text, seventeenth century. Boston, Public Library, Call No. G.Cab.3.52. Public domain. Source: www.digitalcommonwealth.org.This chapter moves even further away from the normal medieval book. The main focus...

Religion and Ottoman Society’s Responses to Epidemics in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Yaron Ayalon

Yaron Ayalon is Assistant Professor of History at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He is a historian of the Ottoman Empire and the early modern Middle East in general. He is the author of Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire: Plague, Famine, and Other Misfortunes (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and several other articles, and has served as an editor for The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...AT DAWN ON August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina made landfall in New Orleans. Despite initial reports that the storm would cause little damage,“A blast of rain but little damage as hurricane hits South Florida” and “Hurricane drenches Florida...

Progress, Decline and Fall

Walter Kudrycz

Dr Walter Kudrycz is lecturer in philosophy at the Australian National University, Canberra. He combines a close knowledge of western philosophy with an academic background in medieval history. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Historical Present : Medievalism and Modernity

Continuum, 2011

Book chapter

...In the seventeenth century, the relative merits of the past and the present were discussed in a series of imaginary contests between ancient and modern authors known as the Querelle or the ‘Battle of the Books’.Hans Baron, ‘The Querelle...

Nowhere To Run To, Nowhere To Hide? Society, State, and Epidemic Diseases in the Early Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Balkans

Andrew Robarts

Andrew Robarts is Assistant Professor of History at the Rhode Island School of Design where he teaches courses on Middle Eastern, Ottoman, and Russian History. He is the author of Migration and Disease in the Black Sea Region: Ottoman-Russian Relations in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries (Bloomsbury Academic Press), Black Sea Regionalism: A Case Study (Oxford University Press), and “Reconstruction, Resettlement, and Economic Revitalization in pre­Tanzimat Ottoman Bulgaria,” in Wealth in the Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Balkans: A Socio-Economic History, ed. Evguenia Davidova (I. B. Tauris). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean : New Histories of Disease in Ottoman Society

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...IN THE EARLY part of the eighteenth century, a Hungarian military commander in the service of the Ottoman army recounted in his memoirs the following story he heard while over­nighting in the Ottoman town of Karasu (Cherna Voda...

Incest between in-laws

Bonnie Clementsson

Bonnie Clementsson graduated in 2016 from the Department of History at the University of Lund. She is interested in history from below and of topics such as family, marriage, and kinship during the early modern period. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Framing Premodern Desires : Sexual Ideas, Attitudes, and Practices in Europe

Amsterdam University Press, 2017

Book chapter

...The multiple definitions of incest In early modern Sweden, a widower and his late wife’s sister could be sentenced to death by beheading if it was established that they had had sexual intercourse with each other. The relationship...

Between passion and lust

Jonas Liliequist

Jonas Liliequist, PhD, is professor of history at the Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies at Umeå University. His research interests include masculinity, sexuality, honour and violence, and emotions, mainly in the early modern period. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Framing Premodern Desires : Sexual Ideas, Attitudes, and Practices in Europe

Amsterdam University Press, 2017

Book chapter

...In distinguishing desire-as-appetite from romantic or ‘true love’, William Reddy has posited what he claims to be a unique Western conceptual dualism that first evolved during the High Middle Ages.Reddy 2012. While desire-as-appetite...

Between books and brothels

Karen Hollewand

Karen Hollewand finished her DPhil in History at the University of Oxford in 2016, with a thesis titled The Banishment of Beverland: Sex, Scripture, and Scholarship in the Seventeenth-Century Dutch Republic. Her research interests include the history of sexuality and the early modern Dutch Republic. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Framing Premodern Desires : Sexual Ideas, Attitudes, and Practices in Europe

Amsterdam University Press, 2017

Book chapter

...On the 25 May 1699, humanist scholar Hadriaan Beverland (1650–1716) sent his latest manuscript to scholar Jacobus Gronovius.He sent to Gronovius his ‘Otia Oxoniensia’, a collection of essays. Jacobus Gronovius (1645–1716) was a Dutch...

The Scientific Revolution

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

Book chapter

...The Copernican theory opened the way for an intellectual upheaval that came to be known as the Scientific Revolution, whose principal figures were Tycho Brahe (1546–1601), Johannes Kepler (1571–1630), Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) and Isaac...