• Ninth Century CE
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Cracking Codes: Abbreviations In Medieval Script

Books Before Print

Arc Humanities Press, 2018

Book chapter

...Text written in a pre-Caroline script, late eighth century, Leiden, UB, VLQ 69, fol. 24v. With permission.Having introduced script, the defining feature of the manuscript, this chapter addresses a ubiquitous feature of medieval handwriting:...
...There used to be an established common view among scholars that the advent of the Sasanian dynasty marked a strong new identification with the Zoroastrian religion, perhaps in contrast to the situation that was prevalent under the Arsacids....

The Carpathian Basin before the Hungarians

The Realm of St Stephen : A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526

I.B.Tauris, 2001

Book chapter

...The central areas of the Carpathian basin have been quite densely inhabited since Neolithic times. Its earliest known inhabitants were Indo-Europeans, and it was they who named the Carpathians, the Danube and most of its main tributaries...

Conclusion: A portrait of authority

Arab Conquests and Early Islamic Historiography : The Futuh al-Buldan of al-Baladhuri

I.B. Tauris, 2020

Book chapter

...For much of the opening two centuries of Islamic history, Islam and the Islamic state had proven to be a powerful imperial force. Whether it would have endurance or not, however, was another story entirely. The ninth/third century...

(2) The Caliphate of Al-Muqtadir Billah.

The Eclipse of the ‘Abbasid Caliphate : Classical Writings of the Medieval Islamic World

I.B.Tauris, 2015

Book chapter

...Account of the procedure at the proclamation of JA ‘FAR son of MU ‘TADID, whose kunyah was ABU ‘L-FADL, and who was thirteen years of age at the time. When MUKTAFI’s illness grew serious, his vizier ‘ABBAS B. HASAN began to consider whom he...

Finding Alfred

Alfred the Great

Arc Humanities Press, 2017

Book chapter

...Alfred the Great, king of Wessex from 871 until 899, is not the man he used to be. From the mid-nineteenth century until well into the twentieth, schoolchildren across the English-speaking world, and many in British colonies, knew the king...

Chapter XX

History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria : The Copts of Egypt Before and After the Early Islamic Conquests

I.B.Tauris, 2017

Book chapter

...Simon II, The Fifty-First Patriarch. A. D. 830. After the going to rest and departure to the Lord of the holy and glorious father, the patriarch Abba James, the chosen and elect of the Lord, and the pillar of light, through whose prayers...


Byzantine Gender

Arc Humanities Press, 2019

Book chapter

...We are about to have lunch. You have to bring your food and beverage of choice because we are not actually in the same place. But the book you are about to read is modelled on those long, wonderful lunches when you can get a friend who...

Intellectual Discourse and Global Connectivity in the Early Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the Global Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Publishing, 2019

Encyclopedia entry

...Theme Description In the early medieval period, like in any other period of human history, ideas travelled wherever people travelled. The early Middle Ages are here defined as the seventh, eighth, and ninth centuries, and since there were...

The city and the trade route in the early Middle Ages

Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages : A Cultural History

I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd, 2009

Book chapter

...The era of the ‘Great Migrations’ was a catastrophe for the cities of EuropeOut of an extensive literature on this subject, the following are a few especially important positions: M. Lombard, ‘L’évolution urbaine pendant le Haut Moyen Age’,...