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Introduction

Writing Battles : New Perspectives on Warfare and Memory in Medieval Europe

Bloomsbury Academic, 2020

Book chapter

...Battles have long featured prominently in historical consciousness, as moments when the balance of power was seen to have tipped, or when aspects of collective identity were shaped. This volume examines the changing importance of battles...

‘Axe-age, sword-age’

Writing Battles : New Perspectives on Warfare and Memory in Medieval Europe

Bloomsbury Academic, 2020

Book chapter

...The theme of ‘writing’ battles needs to be taken loosely when applied to Viking Age and medieval Scandinavia, for, in addition to the runic inscriptions and medieval manuscripts that constitute our written sources, there is also a large...

Incest between in-laws

Framing Premodern Desires : Sexual Ideas, Attitudes, and Practices in Europe

Amsterdam University Press, 2017

Book chapter

...The multiple definitions of incest In early modern Sweden, a widower and his late wife’s sister could be sentenced to death by beheading if it was established that they had had sexual intercourse with each other. The relationship...

Between passion and lust

Framing Premodern Desires : Sexual Ideas, Attitudes, and Practices in Europe

Amsterdam University Press, 2017

Book chapter

...In distinguishing desire-as-appetite from romantic or ‘true love’, William Reddy has posited what he claims to be a unique Western conceptual dualism that first evolved during the High Middle Ages.Reddy 2012. While desire-as-appetite...
...The curious and occasionally sensational attention given to Thor by polemicists, politicians, artists, composers and poets from the latter decades of the eighteenth century onwards cannot fully be understood without some knowledge of how...

The Viking Phenomenon

The Vikings

Arc Humanities Press, 2019

Book chapter

...In the preceding pages, the Viking phenomenon, in terms of events lasting up to the mid–eleventh century, has been presented in a highly summarized and selective form. The “who,” “when,” and “where” relating to that astonishing group have...

The Swedish Expeditions (‘Crusades’) Towards Finland Reconsidered

Church and Belief in the Middle Ages : Popes, Saints, and Crusaders

Amsterdam University Press, 2016

Book chapter

...For hundreds of years at the beginning of the Christian era, it was possible for pilgrims from Europe to undertake visits to the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The expressions ‘peregrinus’ and ‘peregrinatio’, as Christian Krötzl has pointed...

Viking Age Scandinavia

The Vikings

Arc Humanities Press, 2019

Book chapter

...Scandinavia was composed of an amalgam of peoples in the Viking Age, but depictions of the period tend to make the population appear more uniform than it was in reality— part of the process of creating a national history of modern Sweden...

End of the Viking Age

The Viking Eastern Baltic

Arc Humanities Press, 2019

Book chapter

...Several Scandinavian researchers date the end of the Viking Age to the period around 1000 when these societies had formed a state and converted to Christianity. Other researchers propose the mid-eleventh century or even later, around 1100...

The Power of the Saints and the Authority of the Popes

Church and Belief in the Middle Ages : Popes, Saints, and Crusaders

Amsterdam University Press, 2016

Book chapter

...This is the updated text of my unpublished plenary lecture at the International Medieval Congress, Leeds, delivered in 2004. Christian Krötzl was there, I remember. When I heard him, ten years later, in September 2014, lecture on a similar...