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Posters Before Print

Books Before Print

Arc Humanities Press, 2018

Book chapter

...Full skin with regulations for bread-making in Winchester, England, sixteenth century. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Libraries, LJS 238. Public domain. Source: www.openn.library.upenn.edu.We remain in the realm of flat objects...

Introduction

A Cultural History of Money in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...The Middle Ages have, as their name implies, for centuries been seen as an “in-between” period when the supposedly more refined and, to Renaissance sensibilities, familiar classical era gave way to a thousand years of cultural...

Second-Hand Books Before Print

Books Before Print

Arc Humanities Press, 2018

Book chapter

...Fifteenth-century price in thirteenth-century text (top of page). Leiden, UB, BPL 168, fol. 56v. With permission.This chapter and the next again focus on the medieval reader; not to examine how the manuscript reflects reading practices...

Medieval diets – the food landscape

A Hermit’s Cookbook : Monks, Food and Fasting in the Middle Ages

Continuum, 2011

Book chapter

...Typical Medieval Diets Writing about the food eaten by monks and monastic communities in antiquity and the Middle Ages raises obvious questions of comparison. How did the standard monastic fare contrast, if at all, with what was eaten...

Conclusion

The Wine Trade in Medieval Europe 1000–1500

Continuum, 2011

Book chapter

...In Greek and Roman times it can be argued that all high-volume trades were concerned solely with basic commodities, the very necessities of life; grain, olive oil, and in Mediterranean society, wine can plausibly be placed...

Money and the Everyday

A Cultural History of Money in the Medieval Age

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...I am grateful to Martin Allen, Svein Harald Gullbekk, and Rory Naismith for reading and commenting on a draft of this chapter. Any errors remain the author’s own.During the Middle Ages coins, stamped with the images and inscriptions...

Property and Possession

A Cultural History of Law in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

Book chapter

...Are property and possession a binome or are they two distinct concepts? That is to say, is there a legal distinction between possessing something and owning something? Simple possession or physical detention has not always...

Azarbaydjan

The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...Azarbaydjan comprises the northwestern corner of the Iranian Plateau, from the Qizil Uzan and the Tarum Highlands in the south to the Aras (Arakes) in the north. Arran , i.e. the territory further to the north, between the Aras and the Kur...

From Crisis to Continued Decline: Mesopotamia between Two Plague Pandemics

The Decline of Iranshahr : Irrigation and Environment in the Middle East, 500 bc–ad 1500

I.B.Tauris, 2016

Book chapter

...In spite of demographic losses and environmental instability Mesopotamia remained the Empire's chief resource base. In the two centuries after the crisis of the 7th century, tax assessments of agriculture stabilized at a level of about 100...

Economy

A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2010

Book chapter

...Distinguishing between types of domestic economy across Europe and in a time frame of six hundred years, from the beginning of the ninth century to the end of the fourteenth century, presents problems of selection and description...