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Introduction

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... This “missionary war” emphasis gave a distinctive cast to the ebb and flow of this version of holy war and produced several odd extrapolations of religious practice. Carl Erdmann, The Origin of the Idea of Crusade, trans. Marshall W. Baldwin...

Christian on Christian violence

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... how Philip W. Gray, examining Augustine’s use of per molestias eruditio, or “teaching by inconveniences,” describes a rationale that, while not necessarily pertinent for all points of conflict between Christians, may describe the Baltic...

The crusade studies revolution

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... the emergence of crusading and its inclusion in canon law; it was not until the thirteenth century that it was treated fully there. John Gilchrist, “The Erdmann Thesis and the Canon Law, 1083-1141,” in Peter W. Edbury, ed., Crusade...

The ministry of shields and swords

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... undermines the work of the church. Phillip W. Gray sums it up this way: “By allowing schismatics to coexist peaceably . . . with the true representatives of God, there is no peace conducive to the Heavenly City, and the church is stymied.”...

“Missionary war”: Preaching with a tongue of iron

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... of the struggles. The two sides apparently viewed these bloody contests quite differently: “polytheists rarely envisioned the victory of one set of beliefs over another.” Richard Lim, “Christian Triumph and Controversy,” in G. W....

Frankfurt, 1147: The Baltic Crusades begin

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... at Frankfurt . . . for the holding of a general diet.” Charles Christopher Mierow, trans., The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa by Otto of Freising (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1966), 78. Charles Christopher Mierow,...

A new kind of pilgrim

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

0

...As the weather gentled each spring, allowing a complement of Danish and German crusaders to form up for their yearly summertime reisens to the East, it became traditional to refer to the warriors...

The uses of prehistory

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

3

... be helpful in the study of the prehistory of the Crusades in general and the Baltic variant in particular. I suggested this in Burnam W. Reynolds, “The Prehistory of the Crusades: Toward a Developmental Taxonomy,” History Compass 6...

A peculiar institution

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

0

...When the meeting concluded on a day in March 1147 at the Church of the Savior, which was perched on a low island on the river at Frankfurt, the leaders of the expedition, later sources briefly note, felt it advisable that one-third...

Baptism by treaty

Burnam W. Reynolds

Burnam W. Reynolds is Professor of History at Asbury University, USA. He has written many journal articles and scholarly papers and is the author of Columbanus: Light on the Early Middle Ages (2011). Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

Search for publications

The Prehistory of the Crusades : Missionary War and the Baltic Crusades

Bloomsbury Academic, 2016

Book chapter

1

... their leader, held that any baptisms done by such priests were of no effect. The classic treatment is by W. H. C. Frend, The Donatist Church: A Movement of Protest in Roman North Africa (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985)....