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Eugenius III and the Roman Commune

John Doran

John Doran † was Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Chester. His primary research interests were in the history of medieval Rome and the medieval papacy. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Pope Eugenius III (1145–1153) : The First Cistercian Pope

Amsterdam University Press, 2018

eBooks

2

... and even killed pilgrims there.Above, at n. 24. John of Salisbury reported that the Senate would return the regalia only if the pope would ‘assume the burdens of the City’ and pay the salaries of the senators.JS HistPont, 60 c.27. The abolition...

‘Spiritual Physick’

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

1

... ideas were influenced by Aristotle, as is evident from his treatise On the Number of Books by Aristotle and What is Needed to Learn Philosophy. But he was also influenced by the Neoplatonists Porphyry and Proclus, the Stoics, John Philoponus...

Hair and Social Class

A Cultural History of Hair in the Middle Ages

Bloomsbury Academic, 2019

eBooks

2

... survey of sumptuary legislation, see John Block Friedman , “Coats, Collars, and Capes: Royal Fashions for Animals in the Early Modern Period,”...

The Roads to Baghdad

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

1

... commentaries on Aristotle. His most famous students were the mathematician Eutocius of Ascalon and the philosophers John Philoponus and Simplicius of Cilicia. Philoponus, a Christian, succeeded Ammonius as head of the Neoplatonic school...

Science Before Science

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

0

...The Greeks of the classical era believed that they had acquired their knowledge of astronomy from Mesopotamia and Egypt. Herodotus credits the Babylonians with inventing the gnomon, the shadow-marker of the sundial, which the Greeks used...

Incoherent Philosophers

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

0

...Abu Hamid Muhammed ibn Muhammed al-Ghazali, known in the Latin West as Algazel, did not consider himself to be a philosopher, but rather a jurist and theologian who came to reject rational philosophy.Al-Ghazali was born in 1058 in Tus...

From Baghdad to Central Asia

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

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0

...The translation activities in the Bayt al-Hikma gave rise to a new Arabic science that spread from Baghdad eastward to Central Asia and eventually westward to Africa and Spain, as the equivalent of the Islamic renaissance spread to many...

Fatimid Cairo

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

1

... The Optics was first translated into Latin in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, under the titles De aspectibus or Perspectiva. The Perspectiva influenced Roger Bacon, John Pecham and Witelo, all of whom were writing on optics...

‘Abbasid Baghdad

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

1

... by Alexander of Aphrodisias and John Philoponus. He is credited with the translation of books xiv and xv of Euclid’s Elements, and De Materia Medica of Dioscorides, as well as original treatises on medicine, astronomy, metrology and optics....

Ayyubid and Mamluk Cairo

John Freely

John Freely (1926-2017) was one of the most widely respected writers of travel books, histories and guides about Greece and Turkey. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Light from the East : How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

I.B.Tauris, 2011

eBooks

0

...The Fatimid dynasty came to an end in 1171 with the death of the last caliph, al-’Adid, who was succeeded by Salah al-Din ibn Ayyub (r. 1171–93), a Kurdish military commander known in the West as Saladin, who had taken control of Egypt two...